Agriculture is one of the fundamental economic sectors, with an essential role in securing raw materials and basic food for sustaining human life and the operations of manufacturing industries. Apart from being at the base of the global food chain, the sector is of vital importance for economic and social development in a large number of developing countries. Against a background of rapidly growing world population, rising incomes in emerging markets and changing consumption patterns, agriculture’s main tasks are to increase productivity and to ensure steady food supply in a sustainable way that takes into account social, economic and environmental considerations.
Agriculture involves the cultivation of the soil and the harvesting of a variety of crops, fruits, nuts, vegetables and flowers. It also includes the growing and harvesting of forest products, the hunting of animals, livestock breeding, production of livestock products such as milk and eggs, fishing and aquaculture, and related support activities.
The agriculture sector contributed 7.3% to Malaysia’s GDP in 2019, down from 8.3% in 2015 and 10% in 2010. With a share of 36.5%, palm oil was the major contributor to agricultural sector GDP in 2019, followed by livestock (15.9%), and fishing ...View more details
Indonesia is the world’s third largest producer and consumer of rice and the largest producer of palm oil. The country is also the third largest producer of cocoa and ranks second in terms of wheat imports. Given its large population, Indonesia ...View more details
In India, agriculture is the primary source of livelihood for close to 60% of households in rural areas. Together with forestry and fisheries, it is one of the largest contributors to India’s GDP. India is home to over 20 agri-climatic regions, ...View more details
Chile has a relatively developed and diversified agriculture sector and is a leader in the production and export of several key commodities including cherries, grapes, apples, walnuts, poultry meat and salmon. Agriculture plays a major socio-economic ...View more details
The agriculture, livestock and fisheries sector in Brazil plays a key role in the domestic economy, accounting for 5.1% of total GDP, 24.6% of total export value and 3.7% of total employment in 2018. The recent economic and political instability in ...View more details
Agriculture plays a major socio-economic role in Ecuador, accounting for 9.2% of the country’s GDP and 28.3% of formal employment in 2018. During the year, it was also one of the driving forces of the economy, as its GVA expanded by 3.2% y/y, ...View more details
Thailand's Agriculture, Forestry & Fishing sector accounted for 8.1% of national GDP and for 33% of Thailand’s total employment in 2018. Agriculture land claimed 47% of total land in 2018, and paddy fields accounted for half of the ...View more details
In 2018, Colombia’s agriculture, livestock, forestry, hunting and fisheries sector accounted for 6.3% of the country’s GDP. Between 2013 and 2018, the sector’s GVA rose at a CAGR of 4.2% in real terms, supported by the ...View more details
In 2018, agriculture, forestry and fishing in Romania constituted 4.8% of the nominal GVA of the economy. The agricultural output value reached a record high of RON 90.2bn, up by 14.9% y/y. Animal production value was up by 5.5% y/y, while crop ...View more details